Topography of Gujarat
The topography of Gujarat shows a wide range of physical features ranging from physiology, drainage, soil to the coastal and marine environment, etc. In terms of topography, Gujarat shows a wide variation. The topography of land indicates the varied landscape and physical features, and the topography of Gujarat is no exception to this!
Gujarat is located near the Thar desert; therefore most of the land is dry and arid in nature. Moreover, the topography of Gujarat is characterized by the small hilly tracts especially around the Rann of Kutch region. Gujarat is located between 20°01′ to 24°07′ north latitudes and 68°04′ to 74°04′ east longitude and covers an area of 195,984 square kilometers. Thus spread over a vast area, the topography of Gujarat is divided into 3 major regions, namely:
- The Peninsular – the region, which is also known as Saurashtra, is essentially a hilly tract.
- The Kutch – It is a barren and rocky area containing the great Rann. The Rann is further divided into the Greater Rann and the Lesser Rann.
- The mainland that extends from the Rann of Kutch and the Aravalli hills to the river Damanganga.
The topography of Gujarat: Some of the other topographical features of Gujarat are Rivers:
- Rukmavati, etc.
Wetlands: Gujarat is rich in wetland resources, which are present in the form of:
- salt marshes
- reservoirs, etc.
- deep black soil
- coastal alluvial soil
- medium black soil
- grey brown soil
- calcareous medium black soil
- clayey soil
- sandy soil, etc.
Thus, it can be concluded that the topography of Gujarat is divided into many regions based on the texture of the land and its geographical features.
Geography of Gujarat
According to the WWF, Gujarat covers portions of five terrestrial ecoregions:
- The Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves are found in tidal areas bordering the Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat, as well as in the Indus River Delta of neighboring Sind province of Pakistan.
- Kathiarbar-Gir dry deciduous forests cover the eastern portion of the state, extending into adjacent portions of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, with a pocket on the peak of Girnar in the central Kathiawar. The natural vegetation is a dry deciduous forest with trees up to 25 meters in height, with areas of thorn scrub. The vegetation has been much altered by centuries of intensive agriculture and grazing.
- The North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests cover the Western Ghats range in the extreme southeastern portion of Gujarat. The natural vegetation is diverse multistoried rain forests with trees of up to 45 meters in height, along with understory herbs, shrubs and trees, lianas, and epiphytes.
- Northwestern thorn scrub forests cover the Kathiawar Peninsula and the upland portion of Kutch District, extending north into Rajasthan. The natural vegetation is open thorn scrub.
- The Rann of Kutch is a large seasonal salt marsh in the northwestern portion of Gujarat.
Umbharat Beach – Jalalpore Ubharat Beach is situated on the coastline of the state of Gujarat and is one of the finest beaches of India in Navsari District of Gujarat. It comes into Jalalpore Taluka. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Khambhat, Arabian Sea of Indian Ocean at a distance of 34 km from Jalalpore. and 33 km away from Navsari City, in Navsari District. It is at a distance of 40 km away from Surat city of Surat District.
Dandi Beach – Jalalpore Dandi Beach is situated on the coastline of the state of Gujarat and is one of the finest beaches of India in Navsari District of Gujarat. It comes into Jalalpore Taluka. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Khambhat, Arabian Sea of Indian Ocean at a distance of 15 km from Jalalpore. and 31 km and 22 km away from Bilimora and Navsari City of Navsari District. It is at the distance of 49 km away to Surat city of Surat District.
Ahmedpur Mandvi Beach – Ahmedpur Mandvi Beach is situated on the coastline of the state of Gujarat and is one of the finest beaches in India. It is in Ahmedpur Mandvi, close to Union Territory Diu.
Mandvi Beach – Kutch – Mandvi Wind Farms Beach and Wind-mills, which line the horizon of Mandvi, offer views from the Mandvi sea-beach. The Windmills projects running in this beach was Asia’s 1st Wind-Mills Projects in 1983.
Chorwad Beach – Chorwad Beach of Gujarat is another beach situated on the west coast of India. It is situated at a distance of 66 km from Junagadh. Chorwad has a high potential of attracting both domestic as well as international tourists. The beach consists of rocky hills and presents an opportunity for boat rides.
Diu Beach – Diu beach is situated off the Saurashtra coast and is connected to the state of Gujarat via a causeway. Diu is a secluded island and does not have much population.
Gopnath Beach – Gopnath Beach is situated in the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat. It comes into Talaja Taluka. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Kambhat, at a distance of 75 km from the city of Bhavnagar. and 22 km. away from Talaja. The Fort of the King of Gohilvad is situated in Gopnath.
Kutch Mandvi Beach — Kutch Mandvi is an important beach in Gujarat, situated at Mandvi. Mandvi is the historic port town of Maharao of Kutch, located at a distance of 75 km from Bhuj. Kutch Mandvi was once inhabited by the Maharao of Kutch and was an important seaport.
Umbergam Beach – Umargam is about 6 km from Umargam Road railway station on Mumbai-Surat rail section. This region was a part of Thane district prior to the creation of Gujarat in 1960.
Umargam is situated on the southern bank of Nargol creek. It was a small village about two centuries ago, serving as a transit point for exporting marine produce from the fishing port Nargol on the Northern Bank of the creek.
Madhavpur Beach – Madhavpur Ghed Beach is on Porbandar-Veraval Highway and residing in Porbandar. It is a known tourist attraction with high current tides reaching the shores with deadly speed and establishes various local facilities may it be camel rides or stalls of baked corn. Due to severe high currents, the activities in the beach during monsoon seasons are limited.
Tithal Beach (Valsad) Tithal beach 5 km from Valsad.